Shipping Operations Overview
This section provides an overview of fleet management issues and discusses how to implement sustainable fleet management practices that leads to environmental protection and reduces transport costs. The purpose of a sustainable management of a fleet is to:
- Reduce accidents and associated risks and costs through improved navigation performance, and fleet health and safety responsibilities.
- Reduce overall fleet costs including fuel costs.
- Reduce fleet environmental impacts including reduction in air emissions such as carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
- Adopt efficient voyage planning techniques to reduce distance sailed, minimize exposure to adverse weather conditions and make more efficient use of the fleet.
- Adopt new, energy efficient ship technologies and low carbon fuels through fleet renewal planning that are most appropriate for a sustainable operation.
- Support corporate sustainability goals, for example, under ISO 14001 and other environmental best practice.
- Provide a competitive edge by demonstrating economics and environmental credentials of the company’s ship operations to its clients.
The material presented herein is mainly those from Barnhart et al 2007 that has been reformulated to suit the case for ship energy efficiency. Additional literatures are also provided for further reading on the subject. The aim is not to provide a detailed account of shipping business and its operations management aspects but to familiarize the trainee with main aspects of the industry that would influence the energy efficiency of shipping operations. The topics discussed herein that directly relate to ship energy efficiency and CO2 reductions are then further discussed in other sections of this module (MariEMS 2017).