Green Port Initiatives and Port Environmental programs
Apart from Onshore Power Supply (OPS) that could lead to improved air quality in port areas and likely reduction of GHG emissions, various ports are promoting green initiatives that aim to reduce air emissions from ships. Green port initiatives are in place in particular in USA, Europe and to some extent Asia. In the majority of cases, reduction of air pollution and improving the port area air quality are at the core of the green port initiatives.
Green port initiatives could take many forms and shapes, but the main purpose as indicated to reduce port-area emissions. Example activities could be reduced port dues for clean ships, investment in port infrastructure to improve port operations, providing OPS facilities, reducing or exemption from taxation for clean ships, etc.
In this section, a number of port related green activities that relate to air emissions are presented and discussed (MariEMS 2017)