Complexity of Port Operation
A port encompasses more than the port authority as the top governing
body but also other players such as shipping companies as its principal
customer and terminal operating companies as the main suppliers of
services. There are numerous other, often smaller players to take into
account and typical examples of such players are fuel trading and
dredging. The former plays a big role in ship operations, whereas the
latter has its role in the construction of shipping and port facilities.
The availability of efficient fuel provision can convince a shipping
company to call at the port and even make a longer stay, in both cases
resulting in more cargo loading and unloading capacity. Dredging
activities are an important element of capacity creation and
maintenance. No two ports are physically and economically the same.
Therefore, their operations will depend on the port as a physical
entity, taking into account the various activities such as facilitating
the loading/unloading of vessels, freight handling and storage and
access to land-based transportation. Clearly these are quite diverse
activities, which combine to make port services quite diverse and
complex (MariEMS 2017).