Complexity of Port Operation

A port encompasses more than the port authority as the top governing body but also other players such as shipping companies as its principal customer and terminal operating companies as the main suppliers of services. There are numerous other, often smaller players to take into account and typical examples of such players are fuel trading and dredging. The former plays a big role in ship operations, whereas the latter has its role in the construction of shipping and port facilities. The availability of efficient fuel provision can convince a shipping company to call at the port and even make a longer stay, in both cases resulting in more cargo loading and unloading capacity. Dredging activities are an important element of capacity creation and maintenance. No two ports are physically and economically the same. Therefore, their operations will depend on the port as a physical entity, taking into account the various activities such as facilitating the loading/unloading of vessels, freight handling and storage and access to land-based transportation. Clearly these are quite diverse activities, which combine to make port services quite diverse and complex (MariEMS 2017).